See the wonderful images of the world's first computer layout
Let's TipsMake.com review the first computers appeared in the world - the machines marked a great progress of science and technology in human history!
Currently, the trend of compact and versatile helps computers increasingly meet the needs of users in all aspects: design, performance, size . But few of them We know that palm-sized computers today are " giant machines " that occupy an entire room. Let's TipsMake.com review the first computers appeared in the world - how the machines marked great progress of science and technology in human history has changed over time!
JERRY COOKE / CORBIS
ENIAC is an acronym for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer - an electronic integrated computer built by the engineers of J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly of the University of Pennsylvania, USA in 1942. ENIAC is considered an electrical computer. The world's first true death, used during World War II to calculate the trajectory of ballistic missiles. However, the fact that ENIAC was only completed after the war ended 1 year, ie 1946. ENIAC consists of 40 2m high shelves and 18,000 electronic connecting wires to calculate the trajectory of the rocket religion.
A computer-controlled, massive air defense system, SAGE - Semi-Automatic Ground Environment designed for Air Force forces to monitor radar data in real time . SAGE is equipped with advanced technologies such as modems and graphics screens, this machine weighs 300 tons and is of course very massive occupying an entire floor area of the building.
NEAC 2203, 1960
The NEAC 2203 - one of Japan's first semiconductor computers, was manufactured by Nippon Electric Company (NEC) for business, scientific and technical applications.
IBM System / 360, 1964
CHARLES ROTKIN / CORBIS
IBM System / 360 - part of the swapping computer line, is the first computer to accommodate all applications, from small to large in many areas, from economics to science. Users can expand or shrink the setup without worrying about software upgrades. High-end System / 360 models play an important role in NASA's Apollo campaigns as well as air traffic control to conquer the Moon.
CDC 6600, 1964
Once the world's fastest computer, CDC's 6600 computer ( Control Data Corporation ) was designed by renowned computer architect Seymour Cray. CDC kept the title of the world's fastest computer until 1969 before Seymour Cray designed his new generation supercomputer.
DEC PDP-8, 1965
SSPL / GETTY
The first commercial mini computer was successful, PDP-8 was produced by Digital Equipment Corporation. The company sold 50 thousand PDP-8s at the time of launch, the most of all computers released at the time. Years before Apple and GNU / Linux were offered in place of IBM / Microsoft, DEC came up with a point of encouraging users to educate themselves and participate in the development of the system.
Interface Message Processor (IMP), 1969
FRED PROUSER / REUTERS / CORBIS
Built during the height of the Cold War ( held from 1945 to 1991 talking about political, military and economic conflicts between the Soviet Union and Western countries after World War II end ). IMP was built by the US Government to help the computer network work stably in case some nodes are destroyed by nuclear attacks, as well as other hostile attacks. IMP is also the first computer to have gateways that are now known as routers. Besides, IMP also plays an important role in the development of ARPANET ( Advanced Research Projects Agency Network ) - packet switching network and a precursor to the Internet today.
Often considered the world's first " personal computer ", Kenbak is a tool for educational work because of its ease of use. However, its sales are modest. Due to the lack of a processor, its processing speed is only 256 bytes and the only " output " output is a row of flashing lights.
CHARLES O'REAR / CORBIS
At the time of sale, the Cray-1 is the fastest computer in the world. Although the price is very expensive ( about 5 to 10 million USD ), Cray-1 is still selling very well. Cray-1 is one of the computers designed by Seymour Cray computer architect. Seymour Cray is a passionate person and spends his life designing supercomputers - computers designed with the goal of prioritizing processing power and computing speed.
Apple I, 1976
SSPL / GETTY
The Apple I build idea is that of Steve Wozniak ( known as Woz ), Apple I is not approved by Wozniak's leader - Hewlett-Packar, the world's largest IT group. Even so, Wozniak was not discouraged, but took Apple I to a computer club for Silicon Valley enthusiasts. Along with his friend Steve Jobs, he sold 50 computers to the Byte Shop in Mountain View, California for $ 666. Although sales were very low, it paved the way for Apple II's success.
IBM personal computer, 1981
AFP / GETTY
Included accessories include a stand-alone monitor, keyboard and printer with a smooth, complete design, IBM personal computers that have paved the way for personal computer business and personal landings. user. The commercial success made IBM's PC a personal computer standard for many years and led the way for other manufacturers to create similar desktop models.
Osborne 1 notebook, 1981
Osborne was the first commercial notebook to weigh 10.88 kg and cost less than $ 2,000. Osborne is widely used due to its low price compared to the price of computers at the time, and the accompanying software library is also very rich.
HP computer 150, 1983
ROGER RESSMEYER / CORBIS
Representing the first steps in today's popular technology, HP 150 is the first commercial computer to use touch screen technology. Its 9-inch screen is covered by infrared transmitters and transceivers to identify the user's finger position.
Deep Blue, 1997
LOUIE PSIHOYOS / SCIENCE FACTION / CORBIS
Started construction at IBM in the late 1980s, the Deep Blue project was an attempt to use parallel processing to solve a difficult problem - defeating the world's best chess player of the time, Garry. Kasparov. After a 6-game match, Garry Kasparov eventually lost the match.
PAUL SAKUMA / AP
In 2007, the handy small portable device was introduced by Apple CEO - Steve Jobs not only had access to the Internet, acted as a normal phone, took photos and listened to music, but it also supported one A series of applications developed from 3rd parties or applications that provide everything from formulas to maps and all wrapped up in a handy smartphone.
JUSTIN SULLIVAN / GETTY
After the huge success of the iPhone, Apple continues to release the tablet generation with the iPad's thickness of only about 1.2 inches, weighing about 680 grams and a 9.7-inch screen. According to CEO Steve Jobs during the launch, the device has a battery life of up to 10 hours. Users can use the software, applications developed from the 3rd side, playing games, watching videos and accessing the internet ( similar to iPhone ). The price for the Wi-Fi version is $ 499 and the 3G version is $ 629.
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