What is computer hardware? What parts does hardware include?

A concept and term that is relatively familiar to those who use computers. However, are you sure you understand exactly what computer hardware is and what it is?

A concept and term that is relatively familiar to those who use computers. However, are you sure you understand exactly what computer hardware is and what parts it includes and what features it has? Let's learn more with TipsMake through this article!

What is computer hardware?

Hardware (English name is Hardware) is a computer device that we can hold and see. Those are all the parts that make up the computer and accompanying accessories. Computer hardware includes :

⦁ External part: Computer screen, keyboard, computer mouse, headphones, printer, projector, USB, speakers,.

⦁ Internal part: video card, sound card, RAM, ROM, power supply, CPU, mainboard, modem, cooling fan and Drives such as (hard drive, floppy drive, DVD, Blu Ray,.)

The 'big guys' specializing in manufacturing computer hardware are: Dell, LENOVO, ASUS,.

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Classification of computer hardware

Classified based on operation and function, computer hardware is divided into 2 types:

  1. Input: includes parts that collect data into the computer. Typically: mouse, keyboard, headset,.
  2. Output: includes parts that execute commands and external output data, signal generators, and response parts. Such as: screen, printer, speakers,.

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Learn about the basic parts of computer hardware

What are the basic parts of computer hardware that everyone should know ? Please find out below:

CPU – Central Processing Unit

CPU is the central processing unit, playing a core role in the operation of the computer. The CPU is a circuit board, inside there is a silicon wafer covering a ceramic chip. The CPU is attached to the mainboard circuit board.

CPU is measured by how fast or slow it is, with measurement units: Hz (Hertz), GHz (Gigahertz). The larger the value of these units, the faster the CPU runs.

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Motherboard – Mainboard

The motherboard is the main circuit board, considered the backbone of the computer system. The mainboard acts as a bridge (intermediary) between other parts of the computer and helps them communicate with each other to create a unified block.

The Northbridge and Southbridge chips on the Mainboard are the control center of the computer.

RAM – Random Access Memory

RAM is the computer's memory that stores data for a short time. RAM is where information is stored for software on the computer to access to retrieve data and display it on the screen.

RAM is considered temporary data memory because when the computer is inactive, the data in RAM will be empty. The larger the RAM capacity, the greater its ability to handle multiple tasks at the same time.

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Hard Drive – Hard Disk Drive

When talking about hardware devices , it is impossible not to mention hard drives. The hard drive is the main storage area of ​​the computer. Shaped like clear disks covered with a magnetic layer used to store data.

The hard drive stores the operating system, all software, and all data. So when the hard drive fails, all data will be lost.

The capacity of the hard drive depends on the type of computer. And measured in GB (Gigabyte). Normally each hard drive has a capacity of 500 GB, or can be up to 1000GB, 1TB,.

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Input devices

In addition, computer hardware includes input devices such as mouse, touchpad, keyboard, etc. These are devices that support users in using the computer, providing data and scripts for the computer.

Screen

Monitors are among the top indispensable computer hardware. Responsible for displaying images and information that users need when using the computer.

Computer screens today come in many types with different sizes, resolutions and features, and are increasingly equipped with modern technology.

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Network card

The network card is a device built into the motherboard. Only when there is a network card can the computer connect to the Internet. Most computers today have built-in network cards.

If your computer's Internet connection is lost due to a broken network card, you can add an additional card to restore the connection.

Epilogue

Above is information about computer hardware that TipsMake has compiled. Hopefully you have a better understanding of what computer hardware is and are more knowledgeable when using computers. Thank you for following the article!

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